The overarching aim of the research was to investigate the nature of women’s land rights in three rural ex-homeland areas of South Africa. In particular, the survey aimed to explore how women access land (including different types of land such as residential and fields), their actual use of the different types of land, their decision making capacity in relation to the different categories of land, and the extent of their security or vulnerability to eviction. The survey also aimed to explore the impact of marital status on the nature and content of women’s land rights.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data
Unit of Analysis
Households and individuals
v1.1: Edited, anonymised dataset for public distribution
Version 1 of the Women and Land Survey 2009-10 was obtained from the Community Agency for Social Enquiry (CASE) on the 19th of November 2013.
Version 1.1 has the following changes to the data files:
Individual data files for the three survey sites are divided into four types:
Respondent's children [Question 21]
Household member [Question 1]
Household land file [Question 22 to 26]
Respondent [Questions 2 to 20 and Questions 27 to 42]
The files for each survey site are then combined to make the following files:
The scope of the Women and Land Survey 2009-2010 includes:
Household characteristics: land ownership and use
Individuals' characteristics: demographic characteristics, marital status, rights and access to household land.
The three survey sites were: Keiskammahoek (Eastern Cape province), Msinga (KwaZulu-Natal province) and Ramatlabama (North West province)
The survey covered all resident women (excluding lodgers and employees) aged 18 years and above.
Producers and sponsors
Community Agency for Social Enquiry
International Development Research Centre
United Nations Development Programme (Gender Team)
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
1. In the KKH household members file, there is a duplicate member (QNUM 1061 and persnum 26)
2. In the KKH childrens file, there is a child record with no information (QNUM=1748 and kidnum=4)
3. There are 14 duplicates in the Msinga household members file
4. There are children missing in the Msinga childrens' file with QNUM(kidnum) combinations as follows 111(1), 711(6), 956(1) and 970(1).
5. In the Ramatlabama household members file, individuals are not unique (QNUM (2019 and 2909) and persnum)
Clarification on codes for the Marital Status variable was obtained from the data producers. This information can be added to some of the value labels for this variable, namely:
12 Ganile (=married with customary procedures not completed) - husband alive
13 "Gidile (=married with customary procedures) - husband alive
29 Widowed-not endile ("ndendile" means I am/was married; "endile" is without the personal pronoun. Adding the specification to the 'widow' is because people who are widowed often still describe themselves as married, but to a husband or wife who is dead)
Licensed use files, available for non-commercial use only
Community Agency for Social Enquiry. Women and Land Survey 2009-10 [dataset]. Version 1.1. Johannesburg. Community Agency for Social Enquiry [producer], 2011. Cape Town. DataFirst [distributor], 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25828/0btc-vv82