This paper aims to empirically investigate the link between maternal employment and child health in South Africa. Understanding the nexus between maternal employment and child health is imperative, given the importance of parental influence on a child’s overall development, which in the long run, could negatively impact human capital development. The methodology used involves a two-step process. First, it entails exploring the association between maternal employment and child health. To this end, a two-step Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) is employed using the lagged values of education and employment as instruments. Second, it examines the effect of maternal employment on the likelihood of childhood obesity using the Probit model. The findings suggest an association between maternal employment and child health. In addition, the results suggest evidence of maternal employment’s impact on the likelihood of child obesity.