The Oxford Handbook of the South African Economy

Type Book Section - Part IV The labour market, distribution, and social policy: Chapter 36 Migration and remittances in South Africa
Title The Oxford Handbook of the South African Economy
Edition 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2022
Page numbers 777-799
Publisher Oxford University Press
Country/State USA
The economic base of rural South Africans is surprisingly low, because there is high inequality at a national level within and between racial groups. Although apartheid ended in 1994, the rural areas constituted as former 'Bantustans', remain home to the country's most socio-economically deprived populations. Migration patterns did not change radially and the manner expected when apartheid ended. Temporary migration, mostly for labour, has persisted as a migration stream linking rural and urban areas and mines.

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