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Type Journal Article - BMJ Open
Title Spatial-temporal trends and risk factors for undernutrition and obesity among children (<5 years) in South Africa, 2008–2017: findings from a nationally representative longitudinal panel survey
Volume 10
Issue 4
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2020
{Objectives To assess space-time trends in malnutrition and associated risk factors among children (\<5 years) in South Africa.Design Multiround national panel survey using multistage random sampling.Setting National, community based.Participants Community-based sample of children and adults. Sample size: 3254 children in wave 1 (2008) to 4710 children in wave 5 (2017).Primary outcomes Stunting, wasting/thinness and obesity among children (\<5). Classification was based on anthropometric (height and weight) z-scores using WHO growth standards.Results Between 2008 and 2017, a larger decline nationally in stunting among children (\<5) was observed from 11.0\% to 7.6\% (p=0.007), compared with thinness/wasting (5.2\% to 3.8\%

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