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Citation Information

Type Working Paper - SALDRU Working Paper Number 99
Title What happened to multidimensional poverty in South Africa between 1993 and 2010?
Author(s)
Issue 99
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
Page numbers 1-18
URL http://opensaldru.uct.ac.za/bitstream/handle/11090/615/2013_99.pdf?sequence=1
Abstract
Gauging levels of welfare using data on income and expenditure is informative yet limited and can be enhanced by including non-money-metric measures. Nationally representative data sets from 1993 and 2010-2011 which cover a broad set of domains are used to calculate a multidimensional poverty index (MPI) for each year. This paper calculates these indices and uses them to assess trends in multidimensional poverty in South Africa over the post-apartheid period. From 1993 to 2010 MPI poverty fell by 29 percentage points from 37% to 8%. During this time period, the level of severe MPI poverty also dropped substantially from 17% of the population in 1993 to just over 1% in 2010. Not only did the incidence and intensity of multidimensional poverty fall significantly, but the average distance from the multidimensional poverty line across all dimensions also decreased over the period. These declines in multidimensional poverty are notably stronger than the estimated declines in money-metric poverty, which are also estimated and compared for the post-apartheid period.

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Finn, Arden, Murray Leibbrandt, and Ingrid Woolard. "What happened to multidimensional poverty in South Africa between 1993 and 2010?." SALDRU Working Paper Number 99 , no. 99 (2013).
Copyright DataFirst, University of Cape Town