The Quarterly Labour Force Survey (QLFS) is a household-based sample survey conducted by Statistics South Africa (Stats SA). It collects data on the labour market activities of individuals aged 15 years or older who live in South Africa.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
v1.1: Edited, anonymised dataset for public distribution
Version 1 of the Quarterly Labour Force Survey (Quarter 1, 2013), was downloaded from Statistics South Africa (StatsSA) website on the 12th of September 2013. A new version of this dataset was released in 2014. The new version (our version 1.1) was reweighted to reflect the new population benchmarks from Census 2011.
This version, version 1.1 includes the new weights for the QLFS 2008-2013 series.
In addition, the following variables (from section 6 of the questionnaire) were introduced in this version. It is unclear why these variables are not included in the older version.
"Q61KNOWEPWP" - Knowledge about Expanded Public Works Programme (EPWP)
"Q62TAKEPARTEPWP" - Participation in the programme (EPWP)
"Q63WORKEPWP" - Work in any government job creation programme or project
"Q64EPWP" - Name of the programme or project that respondent worked/participated in
"Q65APERMJOB" - Got a permanent job by participating in the programme or project
"Q65BSTARTBUSNS" - Started own business using skills and experience acquired from the programme or project
"Q65CFTRAINING" - Opportunity for further training by participating in the programme or project
"Q65DTEMPWRK" - Obtained temporary work by participating in the programme or project
"Q65EOTHER" - Other benefits of participating in the programme or project
INDIVIDUALS: labour market activity, labour preferences, labour market history, demographic characteristics, marital status, employment status, education, grants, tax.
labour and employment
trade, industry and markets
demographics and population.
Provincial and metropolitan level
The QLFS sample covers the non-institutional population of South Africa with one exception. The only institutional subpopulation included in the QLFS sample are individuals in worker's hostels. Persons living in private dwelling units within institutions are also enumerated. For example, within a school compound, one would enumerate the schoolmaster's house and teachers' accommodation because these are private dwellings. Students living in a dormitory on the school compound would, however, be excluded.
Producers and sponsors
Statistics South Africa
The QLFS frame has been developed as a general purpose household survey frame that can be used by all other household surveys irrespective of the sample size requirement of the survey. The sample size for the QLFS is roughly 30 000 dwellings per quarter.
The sample is based on information collected during the 2001 Population Census conducted by Stats SA. In preparation for the 2001 Census, the country was divided into 80 787 enumeration areas (EAs). Stats SA's household-based surveys use a Master Sample of Primary Sampling Units (PSUs) which comprises of EAs that are drawn from across the country.
The sample is designed to be representative at the provincial level and within provinces at the metro/non-metro level. Within the metros, the sample is further distributed by geography type. The four geography types are: urban formal, urban informal, farms and tribal. This implies, for example, that within a metropolitan area the sample is representative at the different geography types that may exist within that metro.
The current sample size is 3 080 PSUs. It is divided equally into four sub-groups or panels called rotation groups. The rotation groups are designed in such a way that each of these groups has the same distribution pattern as that which is observed in the whole sample. They are numbered from one to four and these numbers also correspond to the quarters of the year in which the sample will be rotated for the particular group.
The sample for the QLFS is based on a stratified two-stage design with probability proportional to size (PPS) sampling of primary sampling units (PSUs) in the first stage, and sampling of dwelling units (DUs) with systematic sampling in the second stage.
Statistics South Africa. Quarterly Labour Force Survey 2013: Q1 [dataset]. Version 1.0. Pretoria: Statistics South Africa [producer], 2013. Cape Town: DataFirst [distributor], 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25828/jyq9-ng05