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Citation Information

Type Working Paper - ERSA working paper 781
Title Who benefits from South African child support grant: The role of gender and birthweight
Author(s)
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2019
URL https://econrsa.org/system/files/publications/working_papers/working_paper_781.pdf
Abstract
Stunting (low height-for-age) is known to be a good proxy for a child’s wellbeing. Several studies have suggested that the South African Child Support Grant (CSG) reduces stunting in bene?ting children. However, all of these studies have estimated the impact of the CSG on the mean of the height-for-age distribution. This paper investigates how this bene?t varies across the quantiles of the height-for-age distribution. The result suggests that the positive e?ect at the mean is driven by children in the high quantiles and this group of children are more likely to be girls that did not experience low birth weight at birth. I argue that the CSG has not been able to address the malnutrition inequality that disadvantage male children and children born with low birthweight. The ?nding in this paper suggests that addressing low birthweight may potentially increase the impact of CSG across the distribution of heightfor-age score. In the concluding remarks, I discuss how the pregnancy grant proposal can help mitigate this problem.

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