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Citation Information

Type Journal Article
Title The association of social influences, modeling behavior, self-efficacy, and communication with teenage pregnancies among school students in South Africa
Author(s)
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2019
URL https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1059840519855372
Abstract
A better understanding of the social influences, self-efficacy, and communication with parents, peers, and teachers associated with teenage pregnancy is required owing to the consequences of teenage pregnancy. This article aimed to determine the
prevalence of teenage pregnancy and to understand the association between social influences, self-efficacy, and communication about teenage pregnancies, among high school students in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Grade 11 students at 20 randomly
selected schools in two districts completed an anonymous questionnaire on sociodemographics, social influences, self-efficacy communication, and teenage pregnancy. Teenage pregnancy was associated with age, being female, and exposure to communication discouraging pregnancy. Students living with both parents, or where family and peers believed that the adolescents should abstain from sex, or who experienced positive social pressure discouraging pregnancy were unlikely to have had a
pregnancy. This study identified sociodemographic and sociobehavioral influences associated with teenage pregnancy that can assist school nurses in their work.

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