This paper examined national variations and multilevel determinants of teenage childbearing in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) in the context of HIV/AIDS using data from recent Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 29 countries of SSA. Results showed significant community and national variations in teenage childbearing, partly explained by socio-economic and HIV/AIDS context. At community level, lower HIV/AIDS stigma, higher wealth and female education were associated with lower teenage childbearing. However, national socioeconomic status had an intricate relationship with teenage childbearing. Higher national GDP per-capita was generally associated with higher teenage childbearing, and this relationship was stronger in lower HIV prevalence countries.