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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Economics and Human Biology
Title Orphanhood and fertility in young adults: Evidence from South Africa
Author(s)
Volume 22
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2016
Page numbers 190-200
URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1570677X1630034X
Abstract
I study the relation between orphanhood and fertility patterns in young adults using a longitudinal survey from the city of Cape Town, South Africa. The data set combines two survey waves with a year-by-year life history calendar that records key outcomes (e.g., schooling, work, fertility). It also provides information on so-called ‘parental investments’ (time and material support), family background, and literacy and numeracy test scores. I find that orphans exhibit significantly higher rates of teenage pregnancy. In particular, teenage motherhood is 19% points more likely among (female) orphans. These results suggest that orphanhood may leave a long-lasting ‘imprint’ in terms of premature fertility, especially in teenage females.

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