Central Data Catalog

Citation Information

Type Journal Article - World Development
Title Where have all the soldiers gone: Demobilization and reintegration in Ethiopia
Volume 26
Issue 9
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 1998
Page numbers 1661 -0
URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305750X98000771
This paper analyzes the experiences of demobilization and reintegration of about half a million ex-soldiers during the first part of the 1990s in Ethiopia. We use rural household data on ex-soldier and non-soldier households to assess whether reintegration has been successful. We find that the targeting efficiency of the demobilization program has not been as good as generally claimed. Ex-soldiers have welfare levels similar to non-soldiers. They are generally considerably better educated but have fewer assets than non-soldiers. Using a “treatment effects” model, we find that returns to labor and assets for ex-soldiers are indistinguisable from those of non-soldiers' families. This suggests that ex-soldiers have been successfully reintegrated in the rural economy, even though this means they are sharing the low standards of living of the rest of the rural population.

Related studies

Dercon, Stefan, and Andrew Ayalew. "Where have all the soldiers gone: Demobilization and reintegration in Ethiopia." World Development 26, no. 9 (1998): 1661 -0.
Copyright DataFirst, University of Cape Town