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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Review of Income and Wealth
Title Educational inheritance and the distribution of occupations: Evidence from South Africa
Author(s)
Volume 59
Issue S1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
Page numbers S111-S137
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/roiw.12066
Abstract
We analyze the role of educational opportunity in shaping inequality in the distribution of occupations in the long run. We use the timing of political events in the history of the struggle to end Apartheid to devise an identification strategy that permits a causal interpretation of the role of educational opportunity. We find evidence that educational opportunity has a strong conditioning effect on the distribution of occupations in steady state. In particular, African female children who inherit the same level of educational opportunity as their parents are 6 percentage points more likely to be in the bottom of the occupation distribution than if they were exposed to better educational opportunities. An alternative identification strategy based on matching on the probability of educational persistence suggests that this figure is approximately 10 percent for younger cohorts of African female children.

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Keswell, Malcolm, Sarah Girdwood, and Murray Leibbrandt. "Educational inheritance and the distribution of occupations: Evidence from South Africa." Review of Income and Wealth 59, no. S1 (2013): S111-S137.
Copyright DataFirst, University of Cape Town