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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - European Economic Review
Title Class-size effects in school systems around the world: Evidence from between-grade variation in TIMSS
Author(s)
Volume 50
Issue 3
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2006
Page numbers 695 -736
URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0014292105000152
Abstract
We estimate the effect of class size on student performance in 11 countries, combining school fixed effects and instrumental variables to identify random class-size variation between two adjacent grades within individual schools. Conventional estimates of class-size effects are shown to be severely biased by the non-random placement of students between and within schools. While we find sizable beneficial effects of smaller classes in Greece and Iceland, we reject the possibility of even small effects in four countries and of large beneficial effects in an additional four countries. Noteworthy class-size effects are observed only in countries with relatively low teacher salaries.

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Wößmann, Ludger, and Martin West. "Class-size effects in school systems around the world: Evidence from between-grade variation in TIMSS." European Economic Review 50, no. 3 (2006): 695 -736.
Copyright DataFirst, University of Cape Town