The October Household Survey 1993 is the first of annual sample surveys by the Central Statistical Service (now Statistics South Africa) that collected population, household and employment and migration data for South Africa. The purpose of the survey was primarily to fill the gap that resulted from the suspension of the Current Population Survey (CPS). It was the first time that a comprehensive household survey had been undertaken by the CSS for the total population of South Africa, but still excludes the TBVC States.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data
Unit of Analysis
Households and individuals
v1.1: Edited, anonymised dataset for licensed distribution
Version 1 of the dataset was shared by DataFirst since 2001. Data files in version 1 of the dataset did not have matching household IDs.
Version 1.1 was obtained from Statistics South Africa (SSA) in 2009. This version has matching household IDs for the person and births data files. The Household and Death data files in version 1.1 of the dataset provided by SSA are still without household IDs. All data files in version 1.1 of the dataset have had variable and value labels added where these were missing.
The scope of the OHS includes: employment, unemployment, informal sector, internal migration, services available by type of dwelling, access to health and social services, safety and well-bring of household, households by average household size and type of dwelling, level of education, quality of life, health statistics, vital statistics.
The lowest level of geographic aggregation is development region (province).
The survey covered households and household members in households in development areas that correspond to the nine provinces of South Africa. The survey included the "self-governing territories", but excluded the TBVC states (Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Venda and Ciskei).
Producers and sponsors
Statistics South Africa
A stratified multi-stage cluster sample was used for the OHS. The size and geographical distribution of the population were taken into account in stratifying according to population group and development region (urban and non-urban). The self-governing territories were included in the sample as additional strata. Depending on the size of each stratum, between 20 and 50 enumerator areas (EAs) were drawn at random for inclusion in the sample. Within each EA a cluster of 30 households was drawn at random. Altogether 30300 households in 1010 EAs (Blacks 530 + Coloureds 140 + Asians 100 + Whites 240) were included in the sample.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
The 1993 October Household Survey dataset has four data files: births, deaths, persons, and households. The variable uniqnum is the household ID. This variable is missing from the household (House) file and the Deaths files.
Central Statistical Service. October Household Survey 1993 [dataset]. Version 1.1. Pretoria: Central Statistical Service (now Statistics South Africa) [producer], 1994. Cape Town: DataFirst [distributor], 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25828/mpdt-9104